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Available online at www. The performance gained can be achieved by reducing energy consumption due to leakage current in cache memories. Prod Eng ;3 1: It was incredibly helpful to me as I start my natural hair journey. Maybe I missed it someplace, but can anyone tell me what the co-wash ' CW is? The optimum condition for combined effects was found V5-F1-D1 and the optimal value of the surface roughness Ra comes out to be 0.

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Lieu , Abdullah M. Ali , Alex Penson , Kathryn S. Novick , and Tom W. Alaattin Kaya , Maxim V. Toledano , and Vadim N. Heinz , and Jürgen Moser. Schrader , Stephen H. Kei-ichi Okazaki and Gerhard Hummer. Becker , and Maike D. Aurélie Chambouvet , David J. Yabsley , Andrew K. Alvaro Duque , Pablo R. Stevenson , and Kenneth J. Roco , Allen W. Olmstead , Sigmund J. Degitz , Tosikazu Amano , Lyle B. Zimmerman , and Mónica Bullejos. Gornalusse , Srinivas Mummidi , Alvaro A. Martin , Steven G.

Clark , Jason Okulicz , Fred T. Hunt , Weijing He , and Sunil K. Monticelli , Lisa C. Osborne , Mario Noti , Sara V. Tran , Dietmar M. Zaiss , and David Artis. Brennan , Duncan A. Hay , Fernando O. Madaio , and Tracy L. Burton , Katie M. Robinson , Guido Silvestri , Rama R. Amara , and Cynthia A. Hazra , Andrew W. Han , Angad P. Mehta , Kenny C.

Mok , Vadim Osadchiy , Tadhg P. Begley , and Michiko E. Brochet , Paul B. Rosenberg , and W. Nagel , Colleen J. Doherty , Jose L. Pruneda-Paz , Robert J. Schmitz , Joseph R. Ecker , and Steve A. The value of the dc-link capacitor can be selected based on its ability to regulate the voltage under transient conditions.. The efficiency of the proposed controller over the conventional dc-link voltage controller has been developed in MATLAB environment, simulated and obtained related waveforms.

This methodology provides a numerical approach to observability analysis. The approach enables observability analysis and restoration pseudo-measurement selection in a simple way with iteration, via triangular factorization of the jacobian matrix of the weight least square state estimator.

An algorithm for precious measurement of topological observability in large bus — system state estimation has been proposed. The algorithm is based on observation that the search for a spanning tree of full rank.

We use observability algorithm and state estimation algorithm. We use the Mat lab to obtain the various graphs of bus systems. By using simulation method of bus system we analyze the observability.

Power system state estimation, Observability analysis, Pseudo — measurement. Reference 1 Fred C. Schwepp and Wildes "Power static state estimation Part- 1: Davis "Power System Observability: Mukhedkar, "Power systems observability: Kusic "Computer aided power systems analysis" Prentice hall of india, 6 V.

Quintana, A Simoes-costa and A. As health care centres have becomes popular, daily monitoring of health-status related parameters is becoming important. An easy, comfortable and patient friendly solution for acquisition, processing and remotely transmitting the information from patient to the centre is therefore an important issue.

Phonocardiogram PCG is a physiological signal reflecting the cardiovascular status. This paper deals with a Signal Processing Module for the computer-aided analysis of the condition of heart. The module has three main blocks: Data acquired includes the heart sounds. The system integrates embedded internet technology and wireless technology.

As the data is being send by internet, it realizes real-time recording and monitoring of physiological parameter of patients at low cost and both at home and in hospital.

The analysis can be carried out using computer initially and further by doctor. The tele-monitoring system may provide a low-cost, reliable and convenient solution for data acquisition and real time analysis of the PCG. The heart sounds are acquired using an acoustic stethoscope and then processed using software developed using the simulation tool Python 2.

Abrams, Current concepts of the genesis of heart sounds. First and second sounds, Jama, vol. Khan, Third heart sound: The heart arteries and veins, 7th ed. Hard turning is a machining process defined of hardness higher than 45 HRC under appropriate cutting tools and cutting speed. The objective of this paper is to investigate the optimum process parameters for a particular work piece-tool material combination.

In this study, three levels of each parameters viz. AISI H 11 was taken as work piece material. The experiment is designed using Taguchi Method. The final results of experimental investigation are presented in this paper. The conclusions arrived at are critically discussed at the end.. Turning versus grinding—a comparison of surface integrity aspects and attainable accuracies. Ann CIRP ;42 1: Cutting of hardened steel. Ann CIRP ;49 2: Tool wear and surface integrity in hard turning.

Prod Eng ;3 1: Hard turning—Influence on the workpiece properties. Identification of cutting errors in precision hard turning process. J Mater Process Tech ;— Rech J, Moisan A.

Surface Integrity in finish hard turning of case hardened steels. Int J Mach Tool Manuf ; Technology key to mold making success. Manuf Eng ; 4: High-speed milling of dies and molds in their hardened state.

Ann CIRP ;46 1: Ann CIRP ;52 2: Capability profile of hard cutting and grinding processes. Ann CIRP ;54 2: Morphology is a part of linguistic that deals with study of words, i. A morphological analyzer is a program for analyzing morphology for an input word, it detects morphemes of any text.

In current technique, only provides dictionary which defines the meaning of the word, but does not give the grammatical explanation regarding that word. In propose system, we evaluate the morphological analyzer for Marathi, an inflectional language and even a parsed tree i.

We plug the morphological analyzer with statistical pos tagger and chunker to see its impact on their performance so as to confirm its usability as a foundation for NLP applications. A case of implementing the open source platformApertium".

Pearson Education, Singapur, second edition, Akshar Bharati and V. Electrocardiogram ECG is a noninvasive technique used as a primary diagnostic tool for detecting cardiovascular diseases. One of the important cardiovascular diseases is cardiac arrhythmia. Computer-assisted cardiac arrhythmia detection and classification can play a significant role in the management of cardiac disorders. This paper presents an algorithm developed using Python 2. The rapid growth of video data leads to an urgent demand for efficient and true contentbased browsing and retrieving systems.

In response to such needs, various video content analysis schemes using one or a combination of image, audio, and text information in videos have been proposed to parse, index, or abstract massive amount of data text in video is a very compact and accurate clue for video indexing and summarization.

Most video text detection and extraction methods hold assumptions on text color, background contrast, and font style.

Moreover, few methods can handle multilingual text well since different languages may have quite different appearances. In this paper, an efficient overlay text detection and extraction method is implemented which deals with complex backgrounds. Based on our observation that there exist transient colors between inserted text and its adjacent background.

It is robust with respect to font size, style text, color, orientation and noise and can be used in a large variety of application fields such as mobile robot navigation vehicle license detection and recognition, object identification , document retrieving, etc. Worring, "Time interval maximum entropy based event indexing in soccer video," in Proc.

Multimedia and Expo, Jul. Freisleben, "Text detection in images based on unsupervised classification of highfrequency wavelet coefficients," in Proc. Zhang, "Efficient video text recognition using multiple frame integration," in Proc. Circuit and Systems for Video Technology, vol. Samarabandu, "Multiscale edge-based text extraction from complex images," in Proc.

Wang, "Automatic text detection in complex color image," in Proc. Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Nov. Tan, "Effective video text detection using line features," in Proc. Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision, Dec. Maenpaa, "Multiresolution gray-scale and rotation invariant texture classification with local binary patterns," IEEE Trans. Kasturi, "Robust extraction of text in video," in Proc. The dynamic analysis is carried out by the finite element method simulation thereby predicting failure modes of the vehicle frame under vibration analysis.

This work investigates the vibration characteristics of the frame including the natural frequencies and mode shapes. Finite element method, dynamic analysis, failure modes, mode shapes. In image processing, various biometric applications, name identification from facial images plays an important role, Weber's Local Descriptor WLD will be used for face recognition for name identification.

WLD is a texture descriptor that performs better than other similar descriptors but it is holistic due to its very construction. We divide an image into a number of blocks, calculate WLD descriptor for each block and concatenate them. This spatial WLD descriptor has better discriminatory power. It is used to represent the image in terms of differential excitations and gradient orientation histogram for texture analysis.

WLD is based on Weber's law and it is robust to illumination change, noise and other distortions. So it effectively analyzes the face features to accurate matching and name identification. The feature extraction approach will be used for both test and database images to recognize for name identification. The face will be recognized by finding Euclidean distance between them. The proposed spatial WLD descriptor with simplest classifier gives much better accuracy with lesser algorithmic complexity than face recognition approaches.

Normalization, Orientation, Differential excitation, Euclidean Distance. Cheng, "Robust movie character identification and the sensitivity analysis," in Proc. Association of face and name in video," in Proc. Forsyth, "Names and faces in the news," in Proc. Hauptmann, "Multiple instance learning for labeling faces in broadcasting news video," in Proc.

Zisserman, "Identifying individuals in video by combining "generative" and discriminative head models," in Proc. Cipolla, "Automatic cast listing in feature length films with anisotropic manifold space," in Proc. Taskar, "Learning from ambiguously labeled images," in Proc. Stiefelhagen, "Video-based face recognition on real-world data," in Proc. The heterogeneity in peer to peer P2P networks can be its advantage as well as disadvantage.

The heterogeneity may be about amount of storage, computing power, connectivity etc. But P2P systems make it possible to harness resources such as the storage, bandwidth and computing power of large populations of networked computers in a cost effective manner. There are many approaches to balance these systems in a costeffective way.

Both approaches are having its own advantages and shortcomings. Systems and Humans, Vol. Parallel and Distributed Systems, Vol. In this paper, a common fixed point theorem for six self mappings has been established using the concept of semicompatibility and weak compatibility in Fuzzy metric space, which generalizes the result of Singh B. Fuzzy metric space, common fixed point, t-norm, compatible map, semi-compatible, weak compatible map.

Veeramani, On some results in Fuzzy metric spaces, Fuzzy sets and systems, 64 , Grebiec, Fixed points in Fuzzy metric space, Fuzzy sets and systems, 27 , Michalek, Fuzzy metric and statistical metric spaces, Kybernetika 11 , Sharma, Common Fixed point theorems in Fuzzy metric spaces, Fuzzy sets and systems, , Masoodi, Semicompatibility, weak compatibility and fixed point theorem in Fuzzy metric space, International Mathematical Forum, 5, , no.

Jain, Semi-compatibility, compatibility and fixed point theorems in Fuzzy metric space, Journal of Chungecheong Math. Zadeh, Fuzzy sets, Inform and Control, 8 , Steganographyis the art or technique of hiding messages in such a way that no one except the sender and the intended recipient suspects the existence of the message, a form of security through obscurity.

We use this concept wherein text is hidden behind the image and the intended recipient is able to view it. The purpose of the system is covert communication to hide a message from a third party. In this paper, a technique called digital signature is also included which is added to all the documents sent by the sender to increase the reliability and authenticity of the document.

Thus, the proposed system would help to hide the existence of confidential data and would increase the difficulty of detecting the hidden embedded data. We are also including facial recognition which automatically identifies the person by comparing selected facial features from the image and a facial database.

Hence when an image is sent with data encrypted in it, the recipient's facial features will be compared with the one in the central database.

In this way the receiver is authenticated using facial recognition tool. Thus this paper gives a brief idea about image steganography that makes use of Least Significant Bit LSB algorithm for hiding the data into an image which is implemented through the Microsoft. This system will prove to be helpful in areas where security of data is of utmost importance. It will also be very easy to share and send data to a recipient via a single image file.

Reference [1] "Introduction to computer security" -Bishop, M. Subramanya and Byung K. Design of new security using symmetric and asymmetric cryptography algorithms- World Journal of Science and Technology Face recognition withEigen faces. Acute hypotensive episode AHE is a serious clinical event, which can lead to irreversible organ damage and sometimes death.

When detected in time, an appropriate intervention can significantly lower the risks for the patient. The algorithm consists of probability distributions of MAP and information divergence methods for calculating the statistical distance between two probability distributions. The Bhattacharyya Distance is found out to be most accurate method for calculating such statistical distance. The comparison is also carried out for feasibility of Bhattacharyya distance with another divergence method like KL ivergence.

Computers in Cardiology ; On information and sufficiency. Ann Math Statics ; The elements of statistical learning. Springer, [6] Bellman R. Theory and Methods, A6, , pp. The nature of statistical learning Theory. Sringer-Verlag, [8] Bellman R. Princeton University Press, The ultraviolet UV region of electromagnetic radiation from sun occupies a section of wavelengths ranging from to 10 nm.

It is highly ionizing and activates many chemical processes on different types of materials and living beings. The amount of UV radiation at different places on the earth depends on the position of the sun during the day and the season of the year.

A decline in the amount of total ozone content TOC at a particular time also leads to an increase in UV radiation at that time. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Ghude, Exposureplant response of ambient ozone over the tropical Indian region, Atmos. Diffey , Human Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation: Risks and Regulations, ed.

Bosnajakovic, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 83—87, Tropospheric Emission MonitoringInternet Service. Our goal is to detect when the distributor's sensitive data have been leaked by agents, and if possible to identify the agent that leaked the data. In this project, we are giving the methodology for adding fake object into data.

Fake object will be added through stegnography concept. Stegnnography is an ancient technique of data hiding or the stegnography is the art and science of hiding the existence of information, we contrast it with the related disciplines of cryptography And traffic security. Many techniques are used to hide data in various formats in steganography. The most widely used mechanism on account of its simplicity is the use of the Least Significant Bit.

Least Significant Bit or its variants are normally used to hide data in a digital image. This paper discusses technique to hide data in a colorful image using least significant bit. How to Send a Secret Message. Steganography - The Art of Hiding Data.

Information technology Journal 3 3 - [9] Sellars, D. An Analytical Approach Abstract: The pulse density modulation technique has been used in resonant power converters because its ability to maintains soft-switching for any level of output power. The sub harmonics of the switching frequency are in general undesired and are seen as a drawback. In this work are developed analytical equations to express the harmonics and sub harmonics components of a PDM signal.

It is still analyzed the PDM parameters variation and their effects in the frequency spectra. Cardesin, "Analysis, design, and experimentation of a high-voltage power supply for ozone generation based on current-fed parallel-resonant push-pull inverter", IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol.

Lipo, Pulse width modulation for power converters: Principles and practice, Wiley Inter-Science, The paper deals with error detection method for difference set cyclic codes with majority logic decoding. These are suitable for memory applications due to their capability to correct large number of errors. The proposed Majority Logic decoder itself detects failures which minimize area overhead and power consumption.

The memory access time is also reduced when there is no error in the data read. The results obtained in various tools are presented in this paper. Costello, Error Control Coding, 2nd ed. Morita, "Error correction circuit using difference-set cyclic code," in Proc. Resistance spot welding RSW is one of the most used methods of joining sheet metals.

The RSW process is based on Joule Lenz effect, of the electric current passing trough the similar or dissimilar joining metal sheets positioned between the two contact electrodes. At welding process , some important changes occurs in metallurgical and mechanical properties of the welded areas and heat affected zones HAZ.

The purpose of this work is to highlight the influences of joint materials and welding parameters on the tensile strength and on the failure mode of the joints. By using constant pressure force of the electrodes and different values of current and welding time, three types of materials were welded. The welding samples have been subjected to tensileshear tests and the surfaces of failures were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy SEM Some recommendations referring the electing of the optimum welding parameters were formulated..

Materials and Design, 28 2 , — Investigation of several PVD coatings for blind hole tapping in austenitic stainless steel Surface Coating Technology 18—19 , — Metallic glasses from " alchemy" to pure science. Present and future of design, processing and applications of glassy metals Materials and Design, 35, pp. In the paper we derive minimum non coherent distance dnc of block coded TAPSK and compare it with different modulation techniques, i.

If the block length N is very small. However, if the block length N is not short, NBCQAM has the best error performance because the code words with small non-coherent distances are rare. Sensor nodes are usually deployed in an open environment therefore they are subjected to various kinds of attacks like Worm Hole attack, Black Hole attack, False Data Injection attacks.

Since the attackers can cause disruption and failure to the network, it's very important to detect these compromised nodes and revoke them before any major disruption occurs.

Therefore, it's very important to safe guard the network from further disruption. Secure positioning in wireless networks. Reputation-based framework for high integrity sensor networks. Attacktolerant time-synchronization in wireless sensor networks. Fast port scan detection using sequential hypothesis testing. Robust statistical methods for securing wireless localization in sensor networks.

Distributed detection of node replication attacks in sensor networks. A trust evaluation framework in distributed networks: Distributed software-basedattestation for node compromise detection in sensor networks.

The video image spitted into number of frames, each frame maintains the text. Then the Image is converted into Gray Scale to avoid the text color variation.

A single value is corresponding to gray value and detecting the edge. Detecting the edge process is the boundary between two regions with relatively distinct graylevel properties. One is the horizontal direction of the image. Another is the vertical direction of the image.

The features to describe text regions are area, saturation, orientation, aspect ratio and position. Then convert into binary image. The comer detected we can using the new techniques for neural network. To apply the Harris corner algorithm to implementing the Feature description by selecting the text area. The Orientation is defined as the angle ranging from to degree to 90 degree between the x-axis and the major axis of the ellipse that has the same second-moments as the region.

The input image is given equalization based extracting the text. After finding out the text, it is checked with the database. If tracked image is matched with the existing database. From that we can identify the text of the particular image. Next input image is spited into frames to extract text for sequences, and compare to previous text.

Finally convert into voice. Edge detection, text, video retrieval Reference [1] Arman, F. Content based browsing of video sequences, in ACM Multimedia 94 pp. Petkovic, Key to Effective Video Retrieval: Algorithms and Technologies, Feb , pp Chiu, Feature Management of large video Database, Proc.

SPIE vol , , pp The main objective of this review paper is optimizing various Gas Metal Arc welding parameters including welding voltage, and nozzle to plate distance NPD by developing a mathematical model for weld deposit area of a mild steel specimen. And this mathematical model is developed with the help of the design of Matrix. MAG-CO2 is a process in which the source of heat is an arc format between consumable metal electrode and the work piece with an externally supplied gaseous shield of gas either inert such as CO2.

This experimental study aims at Factorial design approach has been applied for finding the relationship between the various process parameters and weld deposit area. Hofmannb, "Arc characteristics and behaviour of metal transfer in pulsed current GMA welding of stainless steel", journal of materials processing technology 2 0 0 9 ,Vol , pp. Yarlagadda, "Meeting challenges in welding of aluminum alloys through pulse gas metal arc welding", Journal of Materials Processing Technology , Vol , p.

Kangb,, "Advancements in pulse gas metal arc welding", Journal of Materials Processing Technology , Vol — p. Olabi, "Optimization of different welding processes using statistical and numerical approaches — A reference guide", Advances in Engineering Software, , vol 39 p. Concrete is by far the most widely used construction material today.

It is estimated that present consumption of concrete in the world is of the order of 10 billion tonnes every year. So nowadays there is a great interest in the development and implementation of various alternatives to Portland cement as a binder in concrete and also alternatives to fine and coarse aggregates in concrete to reduce the energy used in production of Portland cement clinker and the associated greenhouse gas emission and also for reducing resources consumption by proper recycling.

This research work is carried out in order to explore the effect of various replacement percentages of cement by combined High alumina cement with silica fume and also the fine aggregate is fully replaced with manufacturing sand.

Conclusion is made based on the comparison between the performance of blended cement concrete and conventional concrete. The AISI H13, a chromium based hot work tool Steel has a wide variety of applications in aluminum casting and extrusion dies, forging dies, hot nut tools, hot header dies, extrusion mandrels, plastic molds, cores, die holder blocks, hot press dies and specially hot work punches etc.

In this study, the optimization of two response parameters Surface roughness and Material Removal Rate by three machining parameters cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut is investigated in high speed turning of H13 in dry conditions. The simultaneous optimization is done by Grey Relational Analysis approach. The optimum condition for combined effects was found V5-F1-D1 and the optimal value of the surface roughness Ra comes out to be 0.

The optimum results are also verified with the help of confirmation experiments. Reference [1] Akhyar, G. Failure analysis of collar of Biomass Briquetting Machine: Briquette machine is used to produced briquette. Briquette is one of the biomass product which is widely used in a boiler for a burning purpose. Briquette is a solid biomass product. Due to solidification of biomass it achieve a better quality of combustion and also it facilitate storage and transportation of biomass.

The various method is used to solidify the biomass. These are discuss in various paper. This paper give the brief description of solidification of biomass or briquette by briquetting machine and also discuss about the various part of briquetting machine especially COLLAR.

Biomass; Briquette; Briquette machine; collar ; solidification. Menon, "Essential requirements for Gbiin2 headlmedia interface", Proc. Yahisa, " Transparent pin wear test an thin-film disk", Trans. Yamamoto, " Carbon avercoated pin wear tests an thin-film magnetic disks ", Proc. Theorems on list-coloring Abstract: Graph coloring is a well-known and wellstudied area of graph theory with many applications.

In this paper, we will consider two generalizations of graph coloring. In particular, list-coloring and sum-list-coloring. Four Color Theorem, Thomassen's 5- list-coloring. Reference [1] Dimitris Achlioptas and Cristopher Moore. Almost all graphs with average degree 4 are 3-colorable. You can't paint yourself into a corner. Kostochka, and Douglas B. Precoloring extensions of Brooks' theorem. Restricted colorings of graphs. In Surveys in combinatorics, Keele , volume of London Math.

Degrees and choice numbers. Random Structures Algorithms, 16 4: Every planar map is four colorable. This paper proposes a novel scheme of scalable coding for encrypted gray images. In the encryption phase of the proposed scheme, the pixel values are completely concealed so that an attacker cannot obtain any statistical information of an original image.

Then, the encrypted data are decomposed into several parts, and each part is compressed as a bit stream. At the receiver side with the cryptographic key, the principal content with higher resolution can be reconstructed when more bit streams are received. IEEE transactions on image processing, vol. Barni, "Protection and retrieval of encrypted multimedia content: Neri, "A commutative digital image watermarking and encryption method in the tree structured Haar transform domain," Signal Process.

Activation of chloride gated GABAA receptors regulates the excitatory transmission in the epileptic brain. Positive allosteric modulation of these receptors via distinct recognition sites is the therapeutic mechanism of antiepileptic agents which prevents the hyperexcitability associated with epilepsy. These distinct sites are based on subunit composition which determines binding of various drugs like benzodiazepines, barbiturates, steroids and anesthetics.

The binding of antiepileptic agents to this recognition site increases the affinity of GABAA receptor for modulating the inhibitory effects of GABAinduced chloride ion flux. The present study initiates the binding analysis of chosen benzodiazepines with the modeled GABA receptor subunit gamma The results revealed the binding modes and the interacting residues of the protein with the benzodiazepines. Glutamate, GABA and epilepsy. Progress in Neurobiology, Vol 47, , Significance of GABA in brain function.

Subtypes of gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptors: The Performance of microprocessor can be improved by increasing the capacity of on-chip caches.

On-chip caches consume noticeable fraction of total power consumption of microprocessors. The performance gained can be achieved by reducing energy consumption due to leakage current in cache memories. The technique for power reduction in cache is divided in mainly two parts Circuit level and architectural level technique. In this paper a circuit level techniques like gated-Vdd, gatedGround, Drowsy caches, Asymmetric SRAM cell for reducing leakage current in cache memory are discussed.

Solid-State Circuits, Vol 30,pp. Solid-state Circuits,vol 35, pp. Of solid-state circuits, vol. Vijaykumar, " Dynamically resizable instruction cache: An energy efficient and high-performance deepsubmicron instruction cache. Yang, B Falsafi, k. A circuit technique to reduce leakage in deepsubmicron cache memories," porc.

Of Solid-State Circuits, Vlo. Flautner, Nam sung kim, S. Mudge, "Drowsy instruction cacheLeakage power reduction using dynamic voltage scaling and cache sub-bank prediction.

Soft storey or open ground storey is an unavoidable feature in the multistorey building. It is open for the purpose of parking or reception lobbies.

It is also called as stilts storey. A large number of buildings with soft storey have been built in India in recent year. But it showed poor performance during past earthquake. Therefore it is need of time to take immediate measures to prevent the indiscriminate use of soft first storeys in buildings, which are designed without regard to the increased displacement and force demands in the first storey columns.

Also study has been carried out to compare modified soft storey provisions with complete infill wall frame and bare frame models. Soft storey, masonry infill, RC frame, earthquake, displacement, drift. Printed Circuit Boards PCBs collected from local sources were used for recovering copper by electrolytic process, using a laboratory reactor setup of working volume 15 liters and nitric acid for dissolution. Copper plate was used as the cathode and graphite rod as the anode for the deposition process.

Five durations were adopted both for the dissolution and deposition processes. Based on the above investigations it found that 5 hours for gm copper has dissolved and the maximum copper deposited was The maximum power consumption is found to be 0.

The maximum copper Cu recovered in minutes of the deposition process can be considered as the optimum for the 5 L of dissolved solution.

There is scope to refine the process and scale it up, if proper funding and facilities are made available. J, Zhang L, Metallurgical recovery of metals from electronic waste: A review, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Take pictures of your results and record how various product combos work for you.

Remember, no two heads are alike, and what works for some will not work for all. You can 'poo as often as you deem necessary. Divas that use heavier products, stylers and butters may shampoo as often as once a week or prior to every styling session, while the minimalists folks that use lighter products shampoo less frequently, opting for conditioner washing in between using conditioner as shampoo. I shampoo when my hair and scalp feels gunky No matter how often you shampoo, moisture retention should be a top priority.

Even with the milder options listed below, pre-poos moisturizing treatments applied prior to shampoo'ing or deep treatments moisturizing treatments applied following shampoo'ing are essential! For tips on choosing a mild cleansing agent, click HERE. Curly hair is naturally very dry and deep treatments applying a moisturizing conditioner with a heat source help to retain moisture and health, and thus length.

Most of the conditioners above can be used as deep treatments as well, just be sure to add honey and oils to the mix. The use of a styler often results in a more controlled, sleeker, less voluminous look. If you like big, fluffy hair, you may want to skip this step, opt for a light hold styling product or find a conditioner that has a little hold. Many of the products listed below are lighter stylers I heart big hair. For sealing to be effective, you must first use a water-based moisturizer a conditioner or cream that has water as its first ingredient , and then seal with a butter or oil.

I have been looking for a resource like this. This helps A LOT!!! Thanks CN for taking the time out to make this list. I'm headed to the store today. Great tool for the newly natural and the seasoned "explorer.

Heavy protein combinied with great moisturizers: Thanks for this comprehensive list,Nikki! A lot of what I have on hand is listed, especially from the web stores. Thanks sooo much for this. I have had good results, and it's not too heavy. It can be picked up at target. You are welcome ladies! Anon, I added your beloved Gio to the list: Sometimes it feels like every curly in the world likes Giovanni but me! This is perfect CN, just what the doctor ordered, lol. Thanks for taking the time to pull it all together.

Just what I needed.. I have been struggling with my weekly routine and product list, this is a great help. I find V05 to be to thin and not much humph for me, but at. This was a really great post Nikki, thanks for posting it. I think it will be helpful for a lot of people who are stuck and don't know what products to use.

The list gives a good variety of products and explanations so it's not too overwhelming. I too am a "moderate" product junkie, I like to try a lot of new products but I only use a few at a time until the bottles are done or unless I REALLY don't like the product. I noticed that you didn't include any henna products in your list, surprising ;-. Anyways, I hope you're doing well and the blog content is great as usual. I am in the process of switching to natural products for everything from deodorant to shampoo and needed a replacement for Matrix Biolage Conditioning Balm.

I will try Aubrey Organics White Camellia. For a sealant, I love jojoba oil. It would be nice to know how much each product cost. Pantene is the best product line for the best price.

Thanks for this list! However just want to let you know I purchase my giovanni products from good ol' walmart! A year late for me, but I will definitely share with transitioning folk. I too love the Giovanni Direct Leave in.

As a majority 4b with some 4a I have seen a definite change in my hair's moisture retention. I am also hooked on the Smooth as Silk shampoo and conditioner. Thanks for the list! Helps out a lot for new naturals like myself. You've activated my PJ once again!! Hey Nikki, I've been noticing people saying they don't support Trader Joes products. Do you know whats up with that?

I seem to be having a hard time figuring out how to manage my 2 textures.. What to do what to do.. This list is great! I was on the verge of becoming a product junkie with many of my products being "ok" products. Where can you purchase Trader Joe's? I've never really heard of it. Hello Nikki, I just started transitioning on Oct 1 Thank you for the list.

Very, very, very good. All the best to you. Hi Nikki, I noticed you shared you use honeychild olive you dt conditioner. I use it as well and love it! I'm not sure if it could be as harmful as using perhaps glycerin during the colder months, please help! Thanks so much, zainab1 AuNaturale I am going to try the water-based moisturizer and coconut oil sealant tomorrow after washing my hair after my workout. I have been natural sine like but need to take better care in the moisture department!!

Does anyone still use Cholesterol??? If so does anyone do what Nikki says and add honey and oil? Just wondering because I have some and was going to try that too. Nikki, Oh ok cool. I am excited to get my hair back to a healthy state! Do you apply it throughout the hair or just the ends? DHD H20 shampoo and Moisture conditioner. When using the shampoo, it often feels like the hair is being conditioned! So by the time you use the conditioner, you hair will have such wonderful "slip".

Joico Moisture Recovery Shampoo and Conditioner - My staple shampoo and conditioner for all of my shampoo days Lisa Akbari Cleansing shampoo - Use whenever I need to clarify Sebastian Penetrait Protein Treatment - Use whenever I need a stronger protein treatment for leave-out hair Hydratherma Naturals Amino Protein Treatment - Use on leave-out hair or braids underneath weave whenever I need mild protein; AWESOME slip Hydratherma Naturals Follicle Invigorator - spray on scalp about twice per week to stimulate hair follicles for growth Joico Kpak Smoothing Balm - use on leave-out hair before blow-drying and pressing-comb; it's a heat-protectant Nadia shescentit.

Thank you so much for this site!!! I'm addicted to it! I've been transitioning for about a 1 year and a 5 months now and I couldn't figure out why my hair was so dry, but this site gave me all the tools I need to have healthy hair. I'm six months in as a long transitioner.

I purchased Yes to Cucumbers and love the way it makes my hair feel. I also love the smell. Thank you so much. I have 3 daughters and I am trying to make sure their hair is as healthy as possible and trying to stay away from sulfates and parabens and all the bad stuff!!!