Hello Tester, Ok, I have now uploaded v1. Thanks again for helping me make the software better: The ones who remained in the Eden did so because they remained ignorant, they did not eat the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge. This is the reason why the genetic diversity of people who ended up away from Africa is smaller that the total diversity of Africans. The left hand panel shows a high density landscape, the right a low density.
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The Province must ensure that its resources are managed in a sustainable way to protect essential ecological processes and public health and safety, minimize environmental and social impacts, and meet its long-term needs. It is equally important to protect the overall health and safety of the population. The Provincial Policy Statement directs development away from areas of natural and human-made hazards, where these hazards cannot be mitigated. This preventative approach supports provincial and municipal financial well-being over the long term, protects public health and safety, and minimizes cost, risk and social disruption.
Taking action to conserve land and resources avoids the need for costly remedial measures to correct problems and supports economic and environmental principles. Strong communities, a clean and healthy environment and a strong economy are inextricably linked. Long-term prosperity, environmental health and social well-being should take precedence over short-term considerations.
The fundamental principles set out in the Provincial Policy Statement apply throughout Ontario, despite regional variations. To support our collective well-being, now and in the future, all land use must be well managed. Ontario's long-term prosperity, environmental health and social well-being depend on wisely managing change and promoting efficient land use and development patterns.
Efficient land use and development patterns support strong, liveable and healthy communities, protect the environment and public health and safety, and facilitate economic growth. However, where an alternate time period has been established for specific areas of the Province as a result of a provincial planning exercise or a provincial plan , that time frame may be used for municipalities within the area.
Intensification and redevelopment shall be directed in accordance with the policies of Section 2: Wise Use and Management of Resources and Section 3: Protecting Public Health and Safety. However, where provincial targets are established through provincial plans , the provincial target shall represent the minimum target for affected areas.
In determining the most appropriate direction for expansions to the boundaries of settlement areas or the identification of a settlement area by a planning authority, a planning authority shall apply the policies of Section 2: Planning for infrastructure and public service facilities shall be integrated with planning for growth so that these are available to meet current and projected needs.
Where feasible, public service facilities should be co-located to promote cost-effectiveness and facilitate service integration. Intensification and redevelopment within settlement areas on existing municipal sewage services and municipal water services should be promoted, wherever feasible. Despite this, individual on-site sewage services and individual on-site water services may be used to service more than five lots or private residences in rural areas provided these services are solely for those uses permitted by policy 1.
Wise Use and Management of Resources. Waste management systems shall be located and designed in accordance with provincial legislation and standards.
In rural areas and prime agricultural areas , these systems should be designed and constructed to minimize impacts on agricultural operations. Ontario's long-term prosperity, environmental health, and social well-being depend on protecting natural heritage, water, agricultural, mineral and cultural heritage and archaeological resources for their economic, environmental and social benefits.
Prime agricultural areas are areas where prime agricultural lands predominate. Specialty crop areas shall be given the highest priority for protection, followed by Classes 1, 2 and 3 soils, in this order of priority. Proposed new secondary uses and agriculture-related uses shall be compatible with, and shall not hinder, surrounding agricultural operations.
Pole Barn; Machinery Sheds; etc Agriculture Building and Facility Plans " These building and facility plans were developed over many years by engineers at Land Grant universities.
They provide conceptual information that is excellent for planning purposes. An abbreviated description of each plan is provided in each category listing of plans. Building and Facility Plans; etc Farm Energy Calculators include " Click on "Wind Project Calculator".
Windustry Wind Project Calculator is " Fence Budget Calculators includes: Click on "Fence Design and Cost Calculator". Wire, Posts; Other Materials; etc Also included are charts of machinery costs that are required for the calculations and Examples from over "11" "Machinery Management" Lessons with Spreadsheets include " Tool for evaluating the total cost of owning and operating large round and square balers Tool for evaluating the economics of owning and operating a combine Tool for evaluating the cost of owning a tractor Farm Machinery Cost Calculator " Power and Self-Propelled Equipment " Examples from over "20" Farm Machinery Calculators include " Type of machine; Current list price of comparable machine new ; Purchase price or current used value of machine; Accumulated hours of use; Current age; Years of ownership remaining; Field capacity in acres or tons per hour; Engine horsepower; Machinery labor rate; etc Estimated used value; Remaining value at end of ownership period; Ownership Costs; Capital recovery interest and depreciation ; Taxes, insurance and housing; Repair cost; Fuel and lubrication cost; etc Farm Machinery Management Calculators include: Calculates the cost of owning and operating machinery for one powered piece of equipment and up to two pulled implements Looks at three economic considerations for accomplishing a particular task, outright purchase, straight lease, or a lease with an option to buy, and renting Calculates the number of hours of use for individual trucks given the way they are used on a particular operation Calculates the cost to own and operate 1 piece of machinery Tractor Cost Calculator " Tillage, Swath Control, Residue Cover, etc.
Crop Residue Management Considerations for corn residue harvest; Tips for profitable crop residue management systems; etc. Energy Estimator for Tillage Calculator " Combination Planters with; Drills; Planters with; etc It also calculates the value and application rates of animal manure as a nutrient source for specific field conditions Examples from over "13" Soil Physics Applets include " Petroleum Hydrocarbons Calculators " The latter include data on fuel composition and models for leaching from fuel lenses Courses, Lectures, Textbooks, Manuals, etc.
Courses, Databases, Manuals, etc. Water Structure and Science " Water is the most studied material on Earth but it is remarkable to find that its behavior and function are so poorly understood or even ignored , not only by people in general, but also by scientists working with it everyday. The small size of its molecule belies the complexity of its actions and its singular capabilities.
Liquid water's unique properties and chameleonic nature seem to fit ideally into the requirements for life as can no other molecule The structure of the water molecule; Hydrogen bonding in water; The Phase Diagram of water; Water at interfaces; Properties of water and heavy water; etc Introduction to water clustering; Evidence for icosahedral water clusters; etc The development and use of a National Field Manual is necessary to achieve consistency in the scientific methods and procedures used, to document those methods and procedures, and to maintain technical expertise.
USGS field personnel use this manual to ensure that the data collected are of the quality required to fulfill our mission Current-conditions data transmitted from selected surface-water, ground-water, and water-quality sites..
Water flow and levels in streams, lakes, and springs Water levels in wells Chemical and physical data for streams, lakes, springs, and wells Ground Water Atlas " Rainfall Calculator - Spread Rate Calculator " The amount of rain that has fallen is usually given, in millimetres or inches, as being the depth to which it would have risen if it could not drain away in a certain period of time Rounds, Water Resources of Oregon, U.
The model simulates the hydrology of poorly drained, high water table soils on an hour-by-hour, day-by-day basis for long periods of climatological record e.
The model predicts the effects of drainage and associated water management practices on water table depths, the soil water regime and crop yields. Parallel DitchesIt has been used to analyze the hydrology of certain types of wetlands and to determine whether the wetland hydrologic criterion is satisfied for drained or partially drained sites.
The model is also used to determine the hydraulic capacity of systems for land treatment of wastewater Agriculture Draninage Systems Calculators include: Agriculture Drainage Calculators; G. Calculate pipe flow and recommended size Erosion Calculator Calculates " Short-Term Impact Assessments Tools " Includes four different tools: Long-Term Impact Assessments Tools " This tool uses the land use and a soil characteristic from the user along with thirty years of precipitation data to determine the average impact that a particular land use change or set of changes By State; By County; Area in " Acres, Hectares, Km 2 , Mi Examples of "Evapotranspiration Gauges and Sensors" Videos include " For Evapotranspiration Calculators scroll down to Evapotranspiration.
Examples of Evapotranspiration include " Potential evapotranspiration by the Blaney-Criddle method; Potential evapotranspiration by the Penman method; Potential evapotranspiration by the Penman-Monteith method; Potential evapotranspiration by Thornthwaite method; Potential evapotranspiration by the Priestley-Taylor method; etc Penman Calculator for Water use by Grass " The calculator estimates daily pET in inches of water Groundwater Modeling Calculators include: Valocchi Home Page ; A.
Peters Washington State University , H. Examples from over "20" Irrigation Fact Sheets include " Neibling ; Sprinkler and Drip Equipment W. Neibling ; Big Guns versus Booms R. Peters ; Rust Never Sleeps: Examples of "Irrigation Publications" include Irrigation Management " Energy Estimator for Irrigation Calculator " NRCS technical specialists have developed these cost estimates based on irrigation methods for predominant crops in your state.
This tool does not provide field-specific recommendations. It evaluates options based on user input Browse Down to "Center Pivot Calculators". Examples of "Center Pivot Calculators" include " Examples from over "40" Irrigation Calculators include Sprinkler Calculators " Examples of Irrigation Calculators include: Calculate your grove water requirements by using a handy irrigation calculator Rationed allocation depth; Area being irrigated; Average rate of flow Successful design of an on-site sewage treatment system depends on an adequate site evaluation.
The percolation test is only a small part of a complete site evaluation Surface Water Runoff Calculator " Water Calculators - Wastewater Calculators include: Roots and hyphae can enmesh particles together while realigning them and releasing organic compounds that hold particles together, a process with a positive impact on soil C sequestration.
Soil structure can be significantly modified through management practices and environmental changes. Practices that increase productivity and decrease soil disruption enhance aggregation and structural development.