El sobrepeso y la obesidad materna representan mayor riesgo perinatal, aumentando el riesgo en términos de macrosomia y partos distócicos. Elevated parathyroid hormone c. A rise in glomerular filtration rate in response to protein has been suggested as one factor but this is unlikely to be important in the steady state. The dietary requirements of calcium and its significance. A GI value for the test food is then calculated for each person by dividing their glucose AUC for the test food by their glucose AUC for the reference food. Privacy Terms Ad policy Careers. Thus the inverse relationship between calcium intake and fractional absorption described above is enhanced by the inverse relationship between dietary calcium and serum 1,25 OH 2 D 21,40,
This list is not exhaustive. Papers have been selected on the basis of scientific merit and relevance to the field—regardless of whether positive or negative results were obtained. This list provides you with a good cross-section of scientific literature, with hopes of contributing to a better understanding of the current state of nutritional research. Bone and Joint Health. Healthy Pregnancies and Healthy Babies. Health Benefits of Nutritional Supplements The importance of nutrition for human health has long been known.
For convenience, references have been sorted by health issue: Antioxidant vitamins and low-density-lipoprotein oxidation. Am J Clin Nutr 58 4: Weekly high-dose folic acid supplementation is effective in lowering serum homocysteine concentrations in women. Ann Nutr Metab 47 2: Dietary calcium and blood pressure: Ann Intern Med 9: Agarwal S, Rao AV. Tomato lycopene and low density lipoprotein oxidation: Aminbakhsh A, Mancini J. Chronic antioxidant use and changes in endothelial dysfunction: Can J Cardiol 15 8: Cholesterol-lowering effects of psyllium intake adjunctive to diet therapy in men and women with hypercholesterolemia: Am J Clin Nutr 71 2: Long-term cholesterol-lowering effects of psyllium as an adjunct to diet therapy in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.
Am J Clin Nutr 71 6: Relation of consumption of vitamin E, vitamin C, and carotenoids to risk for stroke among men in the United States. Ann Intern Med Zinc decreases C-reactive protein, lipid peroxidation, and inflammatory cytokines in elderly subjects: Therapeutic potential of resveratrol: Nat Rev Drug Discov 5 6: Oral folate enhances endothelial function in hyperhomocysteinaemic subjects.
Eur J Clin Invest Coenzyme Q10 in patients with end-stage heart failure awaiting cardiac transplantation: Clin Cardiol 27 5: Bor-Jen Lee et al. A significant correlation between the plasma levels of coenzyme Q10 and vitamin B-6 and a reduced risk of coronary artery disease. Nutrition Research 32 Effects of folic acid and combinations of folic acid and vitamin B on plasma homocysteine concentrations in healthy, young women.
Low-dose folic acid supplementation decreases plasma homocysteine concentration: Am J Clin Nutr 69 1: Ann Nutr Metab 44 Dietary modulation of endothelial function: Am J Clin Nutr Simvastatin and niacin, antioxidant vitamins or the combination for the prevention of coronary disease. N Engl J Med Cholesterol-lowering effects of dietary fiber: Effects of dietary calcium supplementation on blood pressure. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in coronary heart disease: Am J Med 4: Protective role of magnesium in cardiovascular diseases: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Demonstration of rapid onset vascular endothelial dysfunction after hyperhomocysteinemia: Adiposity, cardiometabolic risk, and vitamin D status: Antioxidant supplements block the response of HDL to simvastatin-niacin therapy in patients with coronary artery disease and low HDL.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Low-dose aspirin and vitamin E in people at cardiovascular risk: Importance of n-3 fatty acids in health and disease. Am J Clin Nutr 71 suppl: Three months supplementation of hyperhomocysteinaemic patients with folic acid and vitamin B6 improves biological markers of endothelial dysfunction. Br J Haematol Proanthocyanidins in health care: Curr Med Chem 11 Increased levels of soluble P-selectin in hypercholesterolemic patients.
Long-term effects of consuming foods containing psyllium seed husk on serum lipids in subjects with hypercholesterolemia. Am J Clin Nutr 67 3: Devaraj S, Jialal I. Alpha tocopherol supplementation decreases serum C-reactive protein and monocyte interleukin-6 levels in normal volunteers and type 2 diabetic patients.
Free Radic Biol Med 29 8: The effects of alpha tocopherol supplementation on monocyte function. Decreased lipid oxidation, interleukin 1beta, and monocyte adhesion to endothelium. J Clin Invest Effect of oral supplementation with d-alphatocopherol on the vitamin E content of human density lipoproteins and resistance to oxidation. J Lipid Res 32 8: Din JN et al. Dietary linolenic acid is inversely associated with calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries: Treatment of hypertension with ascorbic acid.
Effect of ascorbic acid treatment on conduit vessel endothelial dysfunction in patients with hypertension. Dutta A, Dutta SK. Dietary calcium, calcium supplementation, and blood pressure in African American adolescents.
Am J Clin Nutr 68 3: Effects of vitamin E on endothelial function in men after myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol 76 The role of vitamin E in the prevention of heart disease. Arch Fam Med 8 6: Effects of long-term supplementation with moderate pharmacologic doses of vitamin E are saturable and reversible in patients with type 1 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr 72 5: Long-term metabolic effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in patients with coronary artery disease.
Effect of vitamins C and E on progression of transplant-associated arteriosclerosis: Protective effects of fish intake and interactive effects of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid intakes on hip bone mineral density in older adults: Am J Clin Nutr.
Fish oil improves endothelium-dependent coronary vasodilation in heart transplant recipients. J Am Coll Cardiol Effect of coenzyme Q10 supplementation on heart failure: Am J Clin Nutr Feb;97 2: Effect of vitamin C on ambulatory blood pressure and plasma lipids in older persons. J Hypertens 18 4: Select flavonoids and whole juice from purple grapes inhibit platelet function and enhance nitric oxide release.
Combination oral antioxidant supplementation reduces blood pressure. Clin Sci Colch 92 4: Effect of antioxidant vitamins on low density lipoprotein oxidation and impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation in patients with hypercholesterolemia.
J Am Coll Cardiol 24 7: Dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E after myocardial infarction: Effect of calcium supplementation on blood pressure in children.
J Pediatr 2: Soluble fiber and serum lipids: J Am Diet 94 4: Long-term ascorbic acid administration reverses endothelial vasomotor dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease. Dietary supplementation with marine omega-3 fatty acids improve systemic large artery endothelial function in subjects with hypercholesterolemia. J Am Coll Cardiol 35 2: Beneficial effect of vitamin E administration on nitric oxide function in subjects with hypercholesterolaemia.
Clin Sci Colch 95 3: The influence of dietary and nondietary calcium supplementation on blood pressure: Am J Hypertens 12 1 Pt 1: Extended-release niacin vs gemfibrozil for the treatment of low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Arch Intern Med 8: Am J Clin Nutr 65 5 Suppl: Heart Protection Study Collaborative Group. High-dose B vitamin supplementation and progression of subclinical atherosclerosis: Serial coronary angiographic evidence that antioxidant vitamin intake reduces progression of coronary artery atherosclerosis.
J Nutr 8: Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oils and cardiovascular disease. Mol Cell Biochem Vitamin C improves endothelial function of conduit arteries in patients with chronic heart failure. Horsch S, Walther C. Ginkgo biloba special extract EGb in the treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease PAOD — a review based on randomized, controlled studies. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 42 2: Radiolabeled native low-density lipoprotein injected into patients with carotid stenosis accumulates in macrophages of atherosclerotic plaque: Relationship of lycopene intake and consumption of tomato products to incident CVD.
The effect of modest vitamin E supplementation on lipid peroxidation products and other cardiovascular risk factors in diabetic patients. Jialal I, Grundy SM. Effect of combined supplementation with alpha-tocopherol, ascorbate, and beta-carotene on low-density lipoprotein oxidation. The effect of supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids on soluble markers of endothelial function in patients with coronary heart disease.
Juonala M et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Acute effects of oats and vitamin E on endothelial responses to ingested fat. Am J Prev Med 20 2: Effects of magnesium supplementation in hypertensive patients: B-vitamin deficiency in hospitalized patients with heart failure.
J Am Diet Assoc 8: Docosahexaenoic acid supplementation improves fasting and postprandial lipid profiles in hypertriglyceridemic men.
Dietary antioxidants and risk of myocardial infarction in the elderly: Am J Clin Nutr 69 2: Fish consumption, fish oil, omega-3 fatty acids, and cardiovascular disease. Provitamin A carotenoid intake and carotid artery plaques: Improvement of endothelial vasomotor dysfunction by treatment with alpha-tocopherol in patients with high remnant lipoproteins levels. Dietary antioxidant vitamins and death from coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women. Overview of the use of CoQ10 in cardiovascular disease.
Folic acid and vitamin B12 are more effective than vitamin B6 in lowering fasting plasma homocysteine concentration in patients with coronary artery disease.
Eur J Clin Nutr 58 3: Vitamin D deficiency an important, common, and easily treatable cardiovascular risk factor?.
J Am Coll Cardiol 52 Different risk factors for different stroke subtypes: Vitamin E and beta carotene supplementation in high risk for stroke: Arch Neurol 57 Ascorbic acid reverses endothelial vasomotor dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease.
The effect of vitamin therapy on the progression of coronary artery atherosclerosis varies by haptoglobin type in postmenopausal women. Diabetes Care 27 4: Correlations with cognitive and affective functions. J Am Coll Nutr 19 1: Vitamin E and vitamin C supplement use and risk of all-cause and coronary heart dis-ease mortality in older persons: Am J Clin Nutr 64 2: The effects of folic acid supplementation on plasma total homocysteine are modulated by multivitamin use and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase genotypes.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 17 6: Prevention of postcoronary angioplasty restenosis by omega-3 fatty acids: Am Heart J J Nutr Marta Guasch-Ferré et al. Low-dose vitamin B-6 effectively lowers fasting plasma homocysteine in healthy elderly persons who are folate and riboflavin replete.
Am J Clin Nutr 73 4: The use of B vitamin supplements and peripheral arterial disease risk in men are inversely related. J Nutr 9: Lower ischemic heart disease incidence and mortality among vitamin supplement users. Can J Cardiol 12 Vitamin D and cardiovascular disease risk. Endothelial dysfunction occurs in children with two genetic hyperlipidemias: J Pediatr 1: Morris, CD, Carson, S. Routine vitamin supplementation to prevent cardiovascular disease: Preventive Services Task Force.
Does fish oil lower blood pressure? A meta-analysis of controlled trials. Antioxidant nutrient supplementation reduces the susceptibility of low density lipoprotein to oxidation in patients with coronary artery disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 30 2: Vitamin E administration improves impairment of endothelium-dependent vasodilation in patients with coronary spastic angina.
Vitamin E improves arterial compliance in middle-aged men and women. Potential clinical and economic effects of homocyst e ine lowering. Arch Intern Med Ness A, Sterne J. Hypertension and ascorbic acid. Additional benefit of vitamin E supplementation to simvastatin therapy on vasoreactivity of the brachial artery of hypercholesterolemic men. J Am Coll Cardiol 32 3: Effects of vitamin E on chronic and acute endothelial dysfunction in smokers.
International Journal of Clinical Medicine. Vitamin C and risk of coronary heart disease in women. J Am Coll Cardiol 42 2: Effects of a short-term vitamin D 3 and calcium supplementation on blood pressure and parathyroid hormone levels in elderly women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86 4: Low vitamin d levels predict stroke in patients referred to coronary angiography. Association of vitamin D deficiency with heart failure and sudden cardiac death in a large cross-sectional study of patients referred for coronary angiography.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93 Effect of antioxidant vitamins on the transient impairment of endothelium-dependent brachial artery vasoactivity following a single high-fat meal. A randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the effects of mg alpha-tocopherol on the oxidation resistance of atherogenic lipoproteins. Am J Clin Nutr 68 5: Vitamin E and heart disease: Free Radic Biol Med 28 1: Importance of both folic acid and vitamin B12 in reduction of risk of vascular disease.
Effect of vitamin E and beta carotene on the incidence of angina pectoris. A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Oral vitamin C and endothelial function in smokers: Effects of calcium supplementation on serum lipid concentrations in normal older women: Am J Med 5: The role of antioxidants in preventive cardiology. Curr Opin Cardiol 12 2: Vitamin E consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease in men.
Folate and vitamin B6 from diet and supplements in relation to risk of coronary heart disease among women. Coenzyme Q10 protects the aging heart against stress: Ann N Y Acad Sci Vitamin C inhibits endothelial cell apoptosis in congestive heart failure. The effect of folic acid supplementation on plasma homocysteine in an elderly population.
Controlled trial of fish oil for regression of human coronary atherosclerosis. Coenzyme Q10 and cardiovascular disease: J Cardiovasc Nurs 16 4: Effect of homocysteine-lowering therapy with folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin B6 on clinical outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention: Decreased rate of coronary restenosis after lowering of plasma homocysteine levels.
Vitamin E ingestion does not improve arterial endothelial dysfunction in older adults. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fish oil and mustard oil in patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction: Cardiovasc Drugs Ther Vitamin E supplementation improves endothelial function in type I diabetes mellitus: J Am Coll Cardiol 36 1: Vitamin intervention for stroke prevention trial: Vitamin E consumption and the risk of coronary disease in women.
Epidemiologic evidence for vitamin E in prevention of cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr 62 6 Suppl: Steinberg FM, Chait A. Antioxidant vitamin supplementation and lipid peroxidation in smokers.
Am J Clin Nutr 68 2: Vitamin E plus aspirin compared with aspirin alone in patients with transient ischemic attacks. Am J Clin Nutr 62 suppl: Randomised controlled trial of vitamin E in patients with coronary disease: Cambridge Heart Antioxidant Study.
Effect of different antilipidemic agents and diets on mortality: Arch Intern Med 7: Does folic acid decrease plasma homocysteine and improve endothelial function in patients with predialysis renal failure?. Association of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with stability of atherosclerotic plaques: Effect of chromium nicotinic acid supplementation on selected cardiovascular disease risk factors. Biol Trace Elem Res 55 3: Effect of folic acid and antioxidant vitamins on endothelial dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease.
J Am Coll Cardiol 36 3: Lowering homocysteine in patients with ischemic stroke to prevent recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction, and death: Vitamin B, vitamin B-6, and folate nutritional status in men with hyperhomocysteinemia. Am J Clin Nutr 57 1: Endothelial dysfunction by acute hyperhomocyst e inaemia: Clin Sci Colch Hyperhomocysteinaemia and endothelial dysfunction in young patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease.
Combined vitamin B6 plus folic acid therapy in young patients with arteriosclerosis and hyperhomocysteinemia. J Vasc Surg 20 6: Folate, vitamin B12, and risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke: Comparison of the effect of low-dose supplementation with L-5methyltetrahydrofolate or folic acid on plasma homocysteine: Am J Clin Nutr 77 3: Assessment of three levels of folic acid on serum folate and plasma homocysteine: Eur J Clin Nutr 56 8: Effects of oral folic acid supplementation on endothelial function in familial hypercholesterolemia.
A randomized placebo-controlled trial. Effect of homocysteine-lowering treatment with folic acid plus vitamin B6 on progression of subclinical atherosclerosis: Effect of homocysteine-lowering treatment with folic acid plus vitamin B on cerebrovascular atherosclerosis and white matter abnormalities as determined by MRA and MRI: Eur J Clin Invest 34 4: Use of antioxidant vitamins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease: The effect of dietary w-3 fatty acids on coronary atherosclerosis.
Randomized trial of folic acid supplementation and serum homocysteine levels. Dietary intake of dairy products, calcium, and vitamin D and the risk of hypertension in middle-aged and older women. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation in prevention of cardiovascular events.
Ann Intern Med 5: Vitamin D deficiency and risk of cardiovascular disease. Effects of hormone replacement therapy and antioxidant vitamin supplements on coronary atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women: Coenzyme Q 10 improves endothelial dysfunction of the brachial artery in Type II diabetes mellitus. Increased adhesiveness of isolated monocytes to endothelium is prevented by vitamin C intake in smokers.
Vitamin D and calcium dyshomoeostasis-associated heart failure. Wijendran V, Hayes KC. Dietary n-6 and n-3 fatty acid balance and cardiovascular health. Annu Rev Nutr Influence of folic acid on postprandial endothelial dysfunction.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 20 1: Effect of very-low-dose niacin on high-density lipoprotein in patients undergoing long-term statin therapy. Am Heart J 3: The effects of vitamin D supplementation on physical function and quality of life in older patients with heart failure: Circ Heart Fail 3 2: The effect of micronutrient supplementation on quality-of-life and left ventricular function in elderly patients with chronic heart failure.
European Heart J Folic acid improves arterial endothelial function in adults with hyperhomocystinemia.
Effect of B-group vitamins and antioxidant vitamins on hyperhomocysteinemia: Am J Clin Nutr 67 5: Mechanism of cardioprotection by resveratrol, a phenolic antioxidant present in red wine Review. Int J Mold Med 8 1: Ye Z, Song H. Antioxidant vitamins intake and the risk of coronary heart disease: Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 15 1: Intake of antioxidant vitamins and risk of death from stroke in postmenopausal women.
Am J Clin Nutr 72 2: Vitamin E supplementation and cardiovascular events in high-risk patients. The heart outcomes prevention evaluation study investigators. N Engl J Med 3: Effects of long-term daily low-dose supplementation with antioxidant vitamins and minerals on structure and function of large arteries. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 24 8: Vitamin K in the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis and arterial calcification. Am J Health Syst Pharm 62 Isoflavone-rich soy protein isolate attenuates bone loss in the lumbar spine of perimenopausal women.
Allen SC, Raut S. Biochemical recovery time scales in elderly patients with osteomalacia. J R Soc Med 97 Effect of vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D status and bone turnover markers in young adults. Eur J Clin Nutr Role of vitamin D, its metabolites, and analogs in the management of osteoporosis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 20 3: A high phylloquinone intake is required to achieve maximal osteocalcin gamma-carboxylation. Am J Clin Nutr 76 5: Vitamin K nutrition and osteoporosis.
J Nutr 7: Fracture prevention with vitamin D supplementation: J Bone Min Res 22 4: Gain in bone mineral mass in prepubertal girls years after discontinuation of calcium supplementation: The effect of glucosamine supplementation on people experiencing regular knee pain.
Br J Sports Med 37 1: Association between dietary conjugated linoleic acid and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. J Am Coll Nutr 24 3: Glucosamine sulfate reduces osteoarthritis progression in postmenopausal women with knee osteoarthritis: A cost effectiveness analysis of calcium and vitamin D supplementation, etidronate, and alendronate in the prevention of vertebral fractures in women treated with glucocorticoids.
J Rheumatol 30 1: The effect of calcium supplementation on bone density in premenarcheal females: J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89 Vitamin D3 and calcium to prevent hip fractures in the elderly women. Combined calcium and vitamin D3 supplementation in elderly women: Osteoporos Int 13 3: Effects of calcium, dairy product, and vitamin D supplementation on bone mass accrual and body composition in year old girls: Skeletal site selectivity in the effects of calcium supplementation on areal bone mineral density gain: J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90 6: Vitamin D supplementation and bone mineral density in early postmenopausal women.
Am J Clin Nutr 77 5: Calcium for prevention of osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res 12 9: J Biol Chem 2: Effects of n-3 fatty acids on cartilage metabolism. Proc Nutr Soc 61 3: Effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone density in men and women 65 years of age or older.
Rates of bone loss in postmenopausal women randomly assigned to one of two dosages of vitamin D. Am J Clin Nutr 61 5: Effect of vitamin D supplementation on wintertime and overall bone loss in healthy postmenopausal women.
Ann Intern Med 7: A controlled trial of the effect of calcium supplementation on bone density in postmenopausal women.
Association between serum concentrations of hydroxyvitamin D3 and periodontal disease in the US population. Sustained effect of short-term calcium supplementation on bone mass in adolescent girls with low calcium intake. Fang Fang Zhang and Sarah Booth. Low Vitamin D Linked to Osteoarthritis. AgResearch Magazine July Vitamin A intake and hip fractures among postmenopausal women. Calcium, vitamin D, milk consumption, and hip fractures: Am J Clin Nutr 77 2: Vitamin D-deficiency in Asia.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol Calcium and vitamin D nutrition and bone disease of the elderly. Public Health Nutr 4 2B: Effects of exercise on bone mineral density in calcium-replete postmenopausal women with and without hormone replacement therapy.
Osteoporos Int 14 8: Calcium and vitamin-D supplementation on bone structural properties in peripubertal female identical twins: Osteoporos Int [Epub ahead of print]. Vitamin D supplementation in older women. Longitudinal follow-up of bone mineral density in children with nephritic syndrome and the role of calcium and vitamin D supplements.
Nephrol Dial Transplant 20 8: Vitamin D insufficiency in internal medicine residents. Calcif Tissue Int 76 1: Vitamin D in adult health and disease: Harris S, Dawson-Hughes B. Rates of change in bone mineral density of the spine, heel, femoral, neck and radius in healthy postmenopausal women.
Bone Miner 17 1: A randomized, controlled comparison of different calcium and vitamin D supplementation regimens in elderly women after hip fracture: Age Ageing 33 1: Am J Clin Nutr 85 suppl: Nutritional factors in osteoporosis. A randomized controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation on preventing postmenopausal bone loss and modifying bone metabolism using identical twin pairs.
J Bone Miner Res 15 Zinc intakes and plasma concentrations in men with osteoporosis: Nutrition in Bone Health Revisited: A Story Beyond Calcium. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of fractures. N Engl J Med 7: Maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy and childhood bone mass at age 9 years: Calcium supplementation and increases in bone mineral density in children. N Engl J Med 2: Dietary silicon intake is positively associated with bone mineral density in men and premenopausal women of the Framingham Offspring Cohort.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 19 2: Calcium supplementation and bone mineral accretion in adolescent girls: Am J Clin Nutr 87 2: Vitamin D and calcium supplementation prevents osteoporotic fractures in elderly community dwelling residents: J Bone Miner Res 19 3: A follow-up study on the effects of calcium-supplement withdrawal and puberty on bone acquisition of children. A randomized double-blind controlled calcium supplementation trial, and bone and height acquisition in children.
Br J Nutr Bone mineral acquisition in low calcium intake children following the withdrawal of calcium supplement. Double-blind, controlled calcium supplementation and bone mineral accretion in children accustomed to a low-calcium diet.
Vitamin D supplementation and fracture incidence in elderly persons: Ann Intern Med 4: Calcium supplementation and bone mineral density in adolescent girls. Effect of boron supplementation on blood and urinary calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus, and urinary boron in athletic and sedentary women.
Effects of boron supplementation on bone mineral density and dietary, blood, and urinary calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and boron in female athletes. Environ Health Perspect Suppl 7: Supplementation with oral vitamin D3 and calcium during winter prevents seasonal bone loss: J Bone Miner Res 19 8: Prevention of hip fractures by correcting calcium and vitamin D insufficiencies in elderly people. Scand J Rheumatol Suppl Can vitamin D supplementation reduce the risk of fracture in the elderly?
A randomized controlled trial. J Bone Miner Res 17 4: Serum retinol levels and the risk of fracture. Efficacy of a progressive walking program and glucosamine sulphate supplementation on osteoarthritic symptoms of the hip and knee: Arthrit Res Ther 12 1: A co-twin study of the effect of calcium supplementation on bone density during adolescence.
Osteoporos Int 7 3: Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Meta-analysis of the efficacy of vitamin D treatment in preventing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.
Endocr Rev 23 4: Effect of calcium or 25OH vitamin D3 dietary supplementation on bone loss at the hip in men and women over the age of J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85 9: Randomised controlled trial of calcium and supplementation with cholecalciferol vitamin D3 for prevention of fractures in primary care.
Soy protein and isoflavones: Am J Clin Nutr 68 6 Suppl: Vitamin D and health in the 21st century: Am J Clin Nutr 80 suppl: Correcting calcium nutritional deficiency prevents spine fractures in elderly women. J Bone Miner Res 11 Long-term effects of calcium supplementation on bone loss and fractures in postmenopausal women: Effect of calcium supplementation on bone loss in postmenopausal women. Calcium supplementation suppresses bone turnover during weight reduction in postmenopausal women.
J Bone Miner Res Magnesium intake from food and supplements is associated with bone mineral density in healthy older white subjects. J Am Geriatr Soc 53 The Role of Trace Minerals in Osteoporosis. Effect of folate and mecobalamin on hip fractures in patients with stroke: Meta-analysis of calcium supplementation for the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis.
The roles of vitamins D and K in bone health and osteoporosis prevention. Proc Nutr Soc 56 3: Chemistry, nutritional sources, tissue distribution and metabolism of vitamin K with special reference to bone health. J Nutr 4 Suppl: Effect of a calcium and exercise intervention on the bone mineral status of y-old adolescent girls.
Spinal bone loss in postmenopausal women supplemented with calcium and trace minerals. Evaluation of glucosamine sulfate compared to ibuprofen for the treatment of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis: J Rheumatol 28 6: Hypovitaminosis D in medical inpatients.
Effect of four monthly oral vitamin D3 cholecalciferol supplementation on fractures and mortality in men and women living in the community; randomized double blind controlled trial.
The need for more vitamin D. Vitamin D supplementation suppresses age-induced bone turnover in older women who are vitamin D deficient. One year of oral calcium supplementation maintains cortical bone density in young adult female distance runners. Effect of vitamin K2 treatment on carboxylation of osteocalcin in early postmenopausal women.
Gynecological Endocrinology 22 8: Vitamin D supplementation during infancy is associated with higher bone mineral mass in prepubertal girls.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab Am J Clin Nutr 85 2: Current maternal-infant micronutrient status and the effects on birth weight in the United Arab Emirates. East Mediterr Health J 15 6: Growth and development in term infants fed long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: Visual, cognitive, and language assessments at 39 months: Pediatrics 3 Pt 1: Folic acid supplementation and the occurrence of congenital heart defects, orofacial clefts, multiple births, and miscarriage.
Am J Clin Nutr 81 suppl: Bath SC et al. Effect of inadequate iodine status in UK pregnant women on cognitive outcomes in their children: Calcium supplementation to prevent hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Prevention of neural-tube defects with folic acid in China.
Vitamin B12 status of pregnant Indian women and cognitive function in their 9-year-old children. Food Nutr Bull 29 4: Dietary essential fatty acid supply and visual acuity development. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci A randomized controlled trial of early dietary supply of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and mental development in term infants. Dev Med Child Neurol 42 3: J Nutr 6: Occurrence of omphalocele in relation to maternal multivitamin use: Occurrence of congenital heart defects in relation to maternal multivitamin use.
Am J Epidemiol 9: Dietary omega-3 fatty acids for women. Serum vitamin D levels and markers of severity of childhood asthma in Costa Rica. Effect of calcium supplementation on pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia: Maternal intake of vitamin D during pregnancy and risk of recurrent wheeze in children at 3 y of age. Am J Clin Nutr 85 3: Visual-acuity development in healthy preterm infants: Am J Clin Nutr 58 1: Effect of antioxidants on the occurrence of pre-eclampsia in women at increased risk: Vitamin C and E supplementation in women at risk of preeclampsia is associated with changes in indices of oxidative stress and placental function.
Am J Obstet Gynecol 3: Antioxidant vitamin status during pregnancy in relation to cognitive development in the first two years of life. Early Hum Dev 85 7: Christian P, Stewart CP. Maternal micronutrient deficiency, fetal development, and the risk of chronic disease. J Nutr 3: Maternal vitamin D deficiency, ethnicity and gestational diabetes.
Diabet Med 25 6: Developmental origins of osteoporotic fracture: Do multivitamin supplements attenuate the risk for diabetes-associated birth defects?. Czeizel AE, Dudas I. Prevention of the first occurrence of neural-tube defects by periconceptional vitamin supplementation. The effect of oral magnesium substitution on pregnancy induce leg cramps. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1: Folate levels and neural tube defects: Dawodu A, Wagner CL.
Mother-child vitamin D deficiency: Modernizing food retail environments may also play a certain role. For instance, the rapid spread of supermarkets in many developing countries could affect consumer food choices and thus nutritional outcomes. However, concrete evidence about the effects of supermarkets on consumer diets and nutrition is thin. A few existing studies have analyzed related linkages with cross-sectional survey data. We add to this literature by using panel data from households and individuals in urban Kenya.
Employing panel regression models with individual fixed effects and controlling for other factors we show that shopping in supermarkets significantly increases body mass index BMI. We also analyze impact pathways. Shopping in supermarkets contributes to higher consumption of processed and highly processed foods and lower consumption of unprocessed foods.
However, the effects depend on the types of foods offered. Rather than thwarting modernization in the retail sector, policies that incentivize the sale of more healthy foods—such as fruits and vegetables—in supermarkets may be more promising to promote desirable nutritional outcomes.