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Campbell's Biology, 8th Edition
This may sound really great on the surface, however, Triclosan and other synthetic antimicrobial agents were only meant to be used in emergency situations, or on a temporary basis. Unfortunately, many people email and call without even taking the time to read the information that I've spent so much time to make available to all, at no charge, and then expect me to rehash the same information that they would already know if they were not too lazy to read the material first. Even when you've beaten cancer, it is important to maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle so that you won't get it back, especially since already know that you have a tendency to get cancer. To see any graphs, charts, graphics, images, and quotes to which Dr. They can also destroy your complexion — and make you look years older than you actually are

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Female rats' ovaries are affected as well, 7 which is alarming because females, unlike males, have only one set of eggs from birth, and the genetic damage that accumulates before they give birth may affect posterity. Power line frequencies, in addition to microwave frequencies, have similarly been linked to infertility or miscarriage, suggesting that this is not necessarily a thermal effect, and that power line and microwave frequencies may be working under similar mechanisms.

Read more on powerline magnetic fields here. Genetic changes resulting from microwaves, including DNA strand breaks, double-stranded breaks, and effects on gene expression, is another interesting area of research.

There is both scientific evidence for this as well as epidemiological evidence for the increase of cancer as a result of wireless exposure. There are now in total at least 11 studies showing DNA breaks. A paper by Phillips, Singh, and Lai further notes that the comet assay method is very sensitive and that some researchers with little prior experience made specific methodological errors, or developed versions with different detection sensitivities.

The exact mechanism behind DNA breaks is under speculation. The following have been raised as possibilities:. Martin Pall proposed that EMF can act directly on the voltage sensor of calcium channels to open the calcium channel and stimulate [1] an influx of calcium in the cell to a high concentration, which can result in downstream biological effects like an [2] increase in nitric oxide and superoxide, which react to form [3] peroxynitrite.

The excessive oxidative stress can then cause damage to DNA. Direct Interaction with Electrons: Local charging of DNA caused by displacement of electrons in DNA can result in its disaggregation, and thereby impact protein synthesis. Radiation-induced increase in oxidative and nitrosative free radicals may result in DNA damage as well as hinder the repair process.

There are at least 24 papers on increased free radical activity from microwaves since DNA happens to be a good conductor of electricity, and electrical charge transfer may be linked to DNA breaks. An electrical charge added to the DNA may cause a charge transfer to travel the DNA until it encounters guanine, which it oxidizes, causing strand breaks that may lead to genetic mutations. DNA as an antenna: Another mechanism proposed for DNA damage is related to the leakage of DNAase through the membranes of lysosomes, due to the calcium efflux effect see section on calcium efflux below.

To read more about these and other potential mechanisms, see the Science Overview. When the rate of repair cannot keep up with the rate of DNA breaks, then there is greater likelihood of retaining mutations, which may lead to cancer. If the mutation is too great, cell death may occur, which is a partially protective mechanism, because it prevents the propagation of errors. Given that microwaves cause damage to DNA, we might expect to see cancer increases in epidemiological studies and animal studies.

In , recently released findings of the National Toxicology Program on cell phone radiation and rats and the Ramazzini Study on mobile phone base station radiation and rats both discovered increased incidence of heart schwannoma and brain gliomas See EHT's factsheets on the Ramazzini and NTP studies and their comparison. Indeed, cell phones are not the only concern.

Cancer has been potentially linked not only to mobile phones, but also to cordless phones 17 , radio towers, and TV towers Australia, Great Britain, Rome, and San Francisco, and Lookout Mountain, Colorado.

Nevertheless, the premise itself appears false, given the many epidemiological studies on radio and TV towers, which indicate a correlation with cancer.

Although the Radio and TV transmitters are more powerful, they are also tightly regulated and so are likely to be spaced further apart than cell towers. Cell towers and mobile phone masts, as well as cordless phones, in contrast, are now quite ubiquitous, and a lot of people are now exposed to high levels.

In the large Interphone multinational study on mobile phones and brain cancer , a link between mobile phones and cancer was found for multiple nations. The correlation was found despite poor study design that would actually grossly underestimate the risk of mobile phones.

For more information on Interphone's weaknesses, including its definition of "regular user," the exclusion of children and business users, and more, see Cellphones and Brain Tumors: Science, Spin and the Truth Behind Interphone. In the US Congressional hearing in , one of the debated issues was whether the evidence points to a causal relation between wireless technologies such as mobile phones and cancer.

The wireless industry representative claimed that the overall cancer statistics have not been getting worse. There is some research confirming that microwaves can impact sleep. Researchers at the University of Zurich, Switzerland found that 15 minutes of exposure affected brain waves during sleep in young male volunteers. A 3-hour exposure prolonged the latency to reach the first cycle of deep sleep, and decreased stage 4 sleep.

Furthermore, pulse-modulated microwaves may increase regional cerebral blood flow and enhanced EEG power. In contrast, non-pulse-modulated microwaves did not enhance EEG power. One of the symptoms associated with microwave sickness is sleep issues, such as insomnia or frequent waking.

This study found that microwaves may result in more difficulty falling asleep as well as maintaining sleep. Sleep quality improved when the transmitter was shut down. This was not a double-blind study, however, and so does not rule out the possibility of placebo-like effect.

However, Professor Theo Abelin measured urinary melatonin levels before and after the shut down and observed a significant rise in melatonin after the transmitter shutdown, and Stark et al, observed significant increase in cows' salival melatonin after the transmitter shutdown.

To study only the effect of the mobile phone mast's wireless radiation, these participants removed other wireless sources from their homes, including cordless phones and wireless LAN. In any case, it is interesting to note that the use of prescription sleep aids has nearly tripled in young adults between and Crofton's book, Radiation Rescue , the first testimony is from someone who heeded the wireless wake-up call, following which her insomnia of 3 years disappeared, and she was sleeping well for a couple of weeks.

Wireless radiation has been shown to remove calcium ions from membrane surfaces. For example, contractions in the heart are influenced by calcium. Neurotransmitters in the brain are also influenced by calcium. We can further gather some insight into the importance of calcium, and the disruption that calcium efflux might have, by studying the delicate balance between Magnesium and Calcium in the body.

Magnesium helps dissolve calcium and maintain calcium levels in the blood, the excess of which could effect calcification and disrupt cell function. Additionally, magnesium allows just enough calcium for electrical transmission along the nerves. Magnesium and calcium also work in opposite roles in the relaxation vs. Magnesium plays an important role as well as co-factor in chemical reactions, in the synthesis of proteins, and the the production of energy.

Finally, Magnesium is also important in the detoxification process. According to The Magnesium Miracle, magnesium deficiency and calcium excess is potentially related to multiple conditions, including neurological, heart, infertility, osteoporosis, kidney stones, bowel disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, asthma, cramping, depression, and more. As mentioned previously, Calcium and Magnesium play an important role in the contraction and relaxation of the heart.

Neuroscientist Allan Frey, who came up with a theory for microwave hearing, found that microwaves could trigger heart arrhythmia in laboratory animals or even stop hearts with the right modulations. People living near radio towers or mobile phone masts appear to have increased cardiac symptoms such as arrhythmia. In Switzerland, when examining adults before and after turning on a cell tower for arrhythmia, it was found that there was a significant increase in arrhythmia.

Since the heart involves electrical signals, this may not be a complete surprise. Cardiac problems have also been observed in the young. The usage of wireless technologies by pregnant women has been correlated to higher fetal and neonatal heart rate and decreased cardiac output, according to one study. When given a choice, select brown, black or wild rice, instead of white rice or instant brown rice. In a study in the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Journal, adults ate their typical diets for three months, with or without calories of percent fat-free popcorn per day.

Participants who ate popcorn showed significant reductions in overall dietary fat and saturated fat intake and increases in fiber intake. Popcorn provides a nutritious, whole-grain alternative to low-nutrient processed foods like potato chips and pretzels. So the next time you're itching for something crunchy, go ahead and grab some air-popped popcorn with a dash of salt. Squash probably isn't the first food that comes to mind when you think about fiber, but eating more squash provides a simple way to increase your fiber intake all year long, says registered dietitian Sharon Palmer.

Fiber has a wide range of health benefits, from helping you maintain a healthy digestive system to aiding in the prevention of heart disease. Palmer recommends using squash in soups, stews, casseroles and side dishes.

One cup of cooked acorn squash provides 9 grams of fiber the recommended daily intake is 25 grams for women and 38 for men.

Other varieties high in fiber are hubbard squash and summer scallop or patty pan squash. Gluten-free foods are important if you have celiac disease or a gluten intolerance. Plus, quinoa only requires about 20 minutes of cooking time and can be used in place of rice or couscous in most any dish. Berries are particularly high in these nutrients and are considered brain food.

According to a Harvard study, blueberries and strawberries help preserve brain function in women and delay memory decline by two and a half years. Enjoy berries solo or as a healthy add-in to your smoothies, whole-grain pancakes and even salads. When buying frozen berries, select varieties without added sweetener. Berries are sweet enough on their own, and excessive sugar intake can lead to undesirable weight gain and blood sugar imbalances. The orange hue of sweet potatoes brings some color to your plate.

Vitamin A may help reduce the risk for certain cancers, according to the Mayo Clinic and may also help slow the aging process. Sweet potatoes also provide rich amounts of vitamin C, which plays an important role in immune function, and valuable amounts of heart-healthy fiber.

Half of a large sweet potato contains a mere 81 calories, which is way less than most sugary sweets. Enjoy sweet potatoes baked and topped with olive oil and spices. Or add it to soups, stews and curries. Beans really are a magical legume, but not for the reasons you might imagine. Lima, pinto and kidney beans each provide 16 grams of fiber per cooked cup.

If you're concerned about bloating and gas, gradually incorporate beans into an otherwise low-fiber diet. Soaking them in water overnight also helps. Dark, leafy greens are prime sources of beta-carotene and valuable sources of vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin C, vitamin K and iron.

One cup of cooked turnip greens, mustard greens or collard greens provides 5 grams of fiber. Cooked spinach, beet greens and Swiss chard each provide 4 grams of fiber per cup. Fresh greens also make simple additions to salads, curries and casseroles. There are many herbs that have been traditionally used to support liver function.

Little is known about how these herbs function, but there is a long history of safe use. In general, most of these herbs have been given as teas, so dosing is not often clear. The doses listed here should only be used as guidelines. Research suggests it may be most useful for those with alcohol-related liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatitis. Decreases cholesterol, reducing the burden on the liver. Drink two to four cups of dandelion root tea daily or two to four gm of root daily.

There are many of these on the market, though most have not been clinically tested. Reduces the risk of liver disease, but in some people, it can increase liver problems. The best course is to speak to your physician for advice regarding using green tea. In general, two to four cups of green tea has been shown to reduce the risk of liver disease. Cook with garlic and turmeric. These herbs not only taste delicious, but are also known to improve liver health.

Add these herbs to taste, and use at least one of these daily. Garlic also prevents liver cancer and heart disease and boosts the immune system. Though there are plenty of ways to get antioxidants through diet, supplements can help you get even more. Alpha-Lipoic acid ALA is an antioxidant that has been studied in diabetes, heart disease and liver disease. It supports sugar metabolism in the liver and prevents alcoholic liver disease.

The most common dose is mg three times a day. The most common dose to support the liver is — mg twice daily. ALA may interact with diabetes medications, so consult your physician regarding the best dose.

There have been rare cases where very high doses of NAC increased liver enzymes. Low ALT levels are considered normal in healthy people - they are a good thing. Not Helpful 7 Helpful 7.

Is it dangerous to take antioxidant supplements, acid such as alpha-lipoic, and consume alcohol? If you have liver disease you should not be consuming alcohol at all. This will further damage the liver and perhaps cause you to go into liver failure and hepatic encephalopathy, which is loss of brain function due to your liver being unable to remove toxins.

Not Helpful 16 Helpful Not Helpful 2 Helpful I get jaundiced but I do not have hepatitis and my enzyme levels are normal.

Why might this be? It's possible that you're anemic, which can be caused by a number of variables including sickle cell disease. You should see a doctor to be sure. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 1. Following a month of severe diarrhea, my liver ALT level was and has now gone down to What do these figures mean, how can I help, and how abnormal are they? I am 75 and female. Answer this question Flag as How do I lower my liver enzymes if I am diabetic?

How do I know if I have a good score on my liver enzyme test? My liver is enlarged to 16 cm. My GT and Alp are high. Do you have any advice for me? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips Liver function tests should be run every six months, or as directed by your physician, until your liver enzymes are at an acceptable level.

Warnings Those with high liver enzyme levels should not take statin drugs. Be sure to go over your medication list with your physician to make sure that there are no drugs in this class on your list. Eksp Klin Gastroenterol ; 5: Dtsch Gesundheitswes ;38 Liver injury associated with N-acetylcysteine administration.

Liver Health In other languages: Leverenzymen verlagen Print Edit Send fan mail to authors. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read , times. Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better.